Dr. Elliud M. Muli

Senior Lecturer and Dean of School. Specialization area isAgriculturalEntomology and Apiculture. Research interest in hive products, colony management, honey production systems, Pollination, Honeybee health and Stingless bees. Has 9 years’ experience working in higher education

On-going research:

  • Population dynamics of Large Hive Beetles and effect on honeybee colony performance and productivity in Kenya.
  • Varroa-specific hygienic behavior in Apismelliferascutellata in Kenya.
  • Evaluation of a 2-queens production system in Apismelliferascutellatain Kenya

Peer Reviewed Publications

  1. Benedict Wambua, Elliud Muli, Joseph Kilonzo, James Ng’ang’a, Titus Kanui & Benjamin Muli (2019). Large Hive Beetles: An Emerging Serious Honey Bee Pest in Coastal Highlands of Kenya. Bee World, DOI: 10: 1080/0005772x.2019.1568355.
  2. Pamela Ochungo, Ruan Veldtman, Elfatih M. Abdel-Rahman, Suresh raina, Eliud Muli & Tobias Landmann (2019). Multi-sensor mapping of honey bee hábitats and fragmentation in agroecological landscapes in Eastern Kenya. Geocarto International, DOI: 10: 1080/1016049.2019.1629645
  3. Elliud Muli, Joseph Kilonzo, Norman Dogley, Gerald Monthy, Justus Kurgat, Janet Irungu and Suresh Raina (2018). Detection of Pesticide Residues in Selected Bee Products of Honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) Colonies in a Preliminary Study from Seychelles Archipelago. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. ISSN 0007-4861. DOI 10.1007/s00128-18-2423-4.
  4. Elliud Muli, Joseph Kilonzo and Preeduth Sookar (2018). Small Hive Beetle Infestations in Apis mellifera unicolor Colonies in Mauritius Island, Mauritius, Bee World, 95:2, 44-45, DOI: 10.1080/0005772X.2018.1434751
  5. David A. Galbraith, Zachary L. Fuller, Allyson M. Ray, Axel Brockmann, Maryann Frazier, Mary W. Gikungu, J. Fransisco Martinez, Karen M. Kapheim, Jeffrey T. Kerby, Sarah D. Kocher, Oleisky Losyev, Elliud Muli, Harland Patch, Chrisina Rosa, Joyce M. Sakamoto, Scott Stanley, Anthony D. Vaudo and Christina M. Grozinger (2018). Investigating the Viral ecology of global bee communities with high-throughput metagenomics. Scientific Reports 11 June 2018. Sammy Kiprotich Cheruiyot, H. Michael G. Lattorff, Ruth Kahuthia-Gathu, Jenard Patrick Mbugi,
  6. Elliud Muli (2018). Varroa-specific hygienic behavior of Apis mellifera scutellata in Kenya. Apidologie, DOI: 10.1007/s13592-018-0570-6Alexander McMenamin, Fiona Mumoki , Maryann Frazier, Joseph Kilonzo, Bernard Mweu, Tracy Baumgerten, Harland M. Patch, Baldwyn Torto, Daniel Masiga, James Tumlinson, Christina M. Grozinger and Elliud Muli (2018). The impact of hive type on the behaviour and health of honey bee colonies (Apis mellifera) in Kenya. Apidologie, DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0515-5, 2017
  7. Loise Kawira Njeru, Suresh Kumar Raina, Helen Lydiah Kutima, Daisy Salifu, David Tembong Cham, James Nganga Kimani and Elliud Maundu Muli (2017). Effect of larval age and supplemental feeding on morphometrics and oviposition in honeybees Apis mellifera scutellata queens, Journal of Apicultural Science, DOI: 10.1080/00218839.2017
  8. Sizah Mwalusepo, Elliud Muli, Kiatoko Nkoba, Everlyn Nguku, Joseph Kilonzo, Elfatih M. AbdelRahman, Tobias Landmann, Asha Fakih and Suresh Raina. Potential distribution dataset of honey bees in Indian Ocean islands: Case study of Unguja, Zanzibar Island. Data in Brief 14 (2017). 665-670.
  9. Sizah Mwalusepo, Elliud Muli, Asha Fakih and Suresh Raina. Land use and land cover data changes in Indian Ocean islands: Case study of Unguja, Zanzibar Island. Data in Brief 11 (2017). 117 – 121
  10. Benedict. M. Wambua, Nashon K. Musimba and Elliud Muli: Assessment of Performance indices of Frame-hive beekeeping and traditional technology in Kenya. A Case of Kitui County. International Journal of Education and Research Vol. 4 No.5 May 2016
  11. Benedict. M. Wambua, Nashon K. Musimba and Elliud Muli: Socio-economic analysis of beekeeping technologies in Kenya; A Case Study of Kitui County. International Journal of Education and Research Vol. 4 No.4 April 2016
  12. Zachary L. Fuller, Elina L Nino, Harland M. Patch, Oscar C. Bedoya-Reina, Tracey Baumgarten, Elliud Muli, Fiona Mumoki, Aakrosh Ratan, John McGraw, Maryann Frazier, Daniel Masiga, Stephen Schuster, Christina M. Grozinger and Webb Miller: Genome-wide analysis of signatures
    of selection in populations of African honey bees (Apis mellifera) using new web-based tools. BMC Genomics (2015) 16: 518. DOI 10.11.86/s1286-015-1712-0
  13. Sizah Mwalusepo, Estomih S. Massawe, Hippolyte Affognon, Gerphas O. Okuku, Sarah Kingori,Peter D. M. Mburu, George O. Ong’amo, Eric Muchugu, Paul-Andre Calatayud, Tobias Landmann, Elliud Muli, Suresh Raina, Tino Johansson and Bruno Pierre Le Ru.Smaalholder Farmers perspectives on Climatic variability and Adaptation strategies in East Africa: The case of Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, Taita and Machakos Hills in Kenya. Journal of Earth Science and Climatic Changes (2015) 6:10
  14. Potential distribution dataset of honey bees in Indian Ocean islands: Case study of Unguja, Zanzibar Island. Data in Brief 14 (2017). 665-670.F. N. Mumoki, A. Fombong, E. Muli, A. W. T. Muigai and D. Masiga: An inventory of documented diseases of African honeybees. African Entomology Vol. 22, No. 3, 2014
  15. Elliud Muli, Christina M. Grozinger, Harland M. Patch, Baldwyn Torto, James Frazier, James Tumlinson, Fiona Mumoki, Maryann Frazier and Daniel Masiga: Evaluation of distribution and Impacts of parasites, pathogens and pesticides on honeybee (Apis mellifera) populations of East Africa. PLOS ONE 2014
  16. Kiatoko Nkoba, Suresh Raina, Elliud Muli, Klaus Mithoefer, Jones Mueke: Species Richness and Nest dispersion of some tropical meliponine bees (Apidae: meliponinae) in Six habitat sites in the Kakamega Forest, Western Kenya. International Journal of Tropical Insect Science Vol. 32 (4) 194 – 202, 2012
  17. Ayuka T. Fombong, Fiona M. Mumoki, Eliud M. Muli, Daniel K. Masiga, Richard T. Arbogast, Peter E. A. Teal and Baldwyn Torto,.: Occurrence, Diversity and pattern of damage of Oplostomus species (Coleoptera:Scarabaeidae) honeybee pests in Kenya. Apidologie 2012.
  18. Assya Petrova, Milena Popova, Christina Kuzmanova, Iva Tsvetkova, Hristo Naydenski, Eliud Muli, Vassya Bankova. New biologically active compounds from Kenyan propolis. Fitoterapia 81 (2010) 509–514
  19. Maryann Fazier, Eliud Muli, Tracy Conklin, Daniel Schmehl, Baldwyn Torto, James Frazier, James Tumlinson, Jay D. Evans, Suresh Raina. A scientific note on Varroa destructor found in East Africa; threat or opportunity? Apidologie 41 (2010) 463–465
  20. Baldwyn Torto, Ayuka T. Fombong, Daniel M. Mutyambai, Eliud Muli, Richard T. Arbogast, and Peter E. A. Teal. Aethina tumida (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) and Oplostomus haroldi (Coleoptera: (carabaeidae): Occurrence in Kenya, Distribution Within Honey Bee Colonies, and Responses to Host Odors. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 103(3): 389- 396 (2010)
  21. Muli E., A. Munguti and S. K. Raina: Quality of Honey harvested and processed using traditional methods in rural areas of Kenya. Acta Veterinaria Brno 2007, 76 Joseph Macharia, Suresh Raina and Elliud Muli: Stingless Bees in Kenya. Bees for Development Journal 83, 2008
  22. Muli. E. M and Maingi J. M: Antibacterial Activity of Apis Mellifera L. propolis Collected in Three regions of Kenya. J. Venom. Anim. Toxins incl. Trop. Diseases V. 13, n3,pg655 – 663, 2007. ISSN 1678 – 9199
  23. Nguku, E. K, Muli, E. M and Raina, S .K: Larvae, Cocoon and Post-Cocoon Characteristics of Bombyx mori L. (Lepidoptera;bombycidae) fed on Mulberry leaves fortified with Kenyan Royal Jelly. J. App. Sci. Environ. Manage. Dev. 2007 Vol. 11 (4) 85 - 89E. M. Muli. J. M. Maingi and J. Macharia: Antibacterial Properties of propolis and Honey from the Kenyan Stingless bee Dactylurina schimidti. Apiacta 43 (2008) pg 49 – 61
  24. E. M. Muli, S. K. Raina and J. M. Mueke: Royal jelly Production in East Africa: performance potential of the honey bees, Apis mellifera scutellata and Apis mellifera monticola in Kenya. Journal of Apicultural Research 44 (4); 00-00 (2005)


  • Raina S.K., Nguku E., Muli E., Nouala S. and Osogo D. (2015). Bee Health: Proceedings of the First Africa-Wide Training Course and Workshop on Strategic Partnership Networking in Bee Health and Pollination Services for Food Security in Africa. International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe), Nairobi, Kenya. ISBN 978-9966-063-05-2.

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